Acknowledgement

This dissertation encountered several challenges. However, we associate the success to God’s immeasurable direction. We first of all give thanks to God almighty. A number of persons played a vital role in the final write up of the work therefore it will be important to acknowledge their contribution.

We register our sincere appreciation to our supervisor, Ms. Constance AkuruguSabiru for working tirelessly to give shape to this work through her timely comments and suggestions. May God increase you for greater heights.

We also register our sincere thanksto Mr. MusahEkpampo for laying the foundation of this work through his timely and constructive comments and suggestion during the proposal writing period. May the Good Lord richly bless you.

Furthermore, we are grateful to the entire inhabitants of Piisi for their time and cooperation during the data collection period.

Finally, to all those who have contributed in various ways to the success of the work we say thank you.

Abstract

Climate change and its numerous effects continue to threaten and influence national and global environmental policy. It is considered crucial in determining the health condition of the people and their livelihood sustainability, especially those living in the country side and is very close to nature. The need to emphasize on climate change and its effects is to influence a great deal, the policy direction of government, non-governmental organizations(NGOs) and other sectors in the health and more especially food production. The study posits that, there is a relationship between the effects of climate change and food security. The principal objective of this study is to examine the effects of climate change on food security in Piisi in the Wa Municipality.

Data collection tools employed is interview aided by semi – structured questionnaire to collect primary data. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze data on the demographic characteristics such as; occupational, sex, age and educational status of respondents whiles qualitative approach was used to analyze data on the causes of climate change, the effects of climate change on food security and the coping strategies of the people.

The study revealed that about 50% of the people do not have enough to eat all year round and have to resort to other ways of coping with the situation. Strategies such as using seeds meant for next season, borrowing from friends and relatives, blending breakfast and lunch as elevenses, petty trading and many others are the ways people of Piisi employ to cope with the impact of climate change on food production. Based on this, it is recommended that governments, agricultural research institutions, NGOs and other relevant bodies provide the people of Piisi with improved seeds, fertilizers, modern farming equipments, irrigation dam and credit facilities to boost crop yield.  

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The study examined the effect of informal networks on productivity. To this end, five hypotheses were tested.

In the first instance, it was hypothesized that free flow of information was more likely to have a significant effect on productivity. This hypothesis was supported (Beta =.706, p<.002). This finding is consistent with work done by Keith (1996) on informal networks, which indicates that free flow of information within an organization keeps its members informed and helps in decision making which affects the overall achievement of the organizations objectives hence productivity.

The second hypothesis states that friendships within the organization have a significant effect on productivity. This hypothesis was supported (Beta =.013, p<.935). This finding is consistent in relation to work done by Mayo (1924-1933) on productivity, which indicates that maintaining a friendly relationship with subordinates makes employees feel a sense of belongingness in the organization which creates a positive attitude towards productivity.

Again, the third hypothesis states that a good interpersonal relationship with subordinates is expected to have a significant effect on productivity. This was supported (Beta = .121 p<.502). This finding is consistent with work done by Mayo (1924-1933) at the Hawthorne experiment which revealed that maintaining good interpersonal relationships with subordinate leads to an increase in the firm’s productivity.

Furthermore, the fourth hypothesis states that cohesiveness is likely to have a significant effect on a firm’s productivity.This hypothesis was supported (Beta =.054, p<.784). The finding is consistent with work done by Mayo (1924-1933) which indicates thatemployees who remain closely knit with one another frequently are more productive than those who are more isolated.

Lastly, the hypothesis states that, workers for support each have a significant effect onproductivity. This was however not supported (Beta=-.318, p <.121).

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